Kingdom of Hawaii: A Short (but relevant) History

Posted: July 8, 2014 in News

2012 The Awakening

Courtesy of Kauilapele
1843: Kingdom of Hawai’i recognized as an independent world state, with 46 treaty partnerships

1840, 1852, 1864: Kingdom of Hawai’i Constitutions written and adopted.
1887 (7-7): Bayonet Constitution; minority group including US nationals forced King Kalakaua to appoint council to ratify; voters now included ‘aliens’.
1893 (1-17): Overthrow of Kingdom by group of individuals and military.
1893 (2-15): Treaty of annexation submitted to the United States Senate; Grover Cleveland government said “no”, because takeover was ILLEGAL.
1897 (6-16): Treaty of annexation was attempted again, but “[it] was unable to be ratified by the [US] Senate due to protests” (Kū`ē Petition of 1897, 21,169 (90+%) Hawai’ians signed, said “NO” to annexation)
1898 (7-7): US enacted a congressional joint resolution; Hawai’i “annexed” as “war measure” ILLEGAL
1959 (6-29): Vote for US Statehood held, but only one choice (proposition) given, “Shall Hawaii immediately be admitted into the Union as a…

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